Whether on a mild or serious level, people who live with depression want to know the best methods on how to treat depression.
Because there has been so much focus placed on this particular mental disorder, options regarding how to treat depression effectively are greater today than any other time in history.
Before we get into some of the highest recommended options, we want to offer two important pieces of advice and provide an overview of the most common symptoms of this disorder.
How To Treat Depression The Right Way – Introduction
For someone dealing with depression it is important to know this is a mental condition shared by millions of people, so there is no reason to feel embarrassed, targeted, or hopeless. In addition, because severe levels of depression can lead to a person making irrational and even dangerous decisions, when someone feels as if the world is caving in and that there is no reason to even live, medical attention should be sought immediately.
Common Symptoms of Depression
As mentioned, before we talk about how to treat depression using methods that have been shown to work, we felt it was important to offer information about symptoms. That way, it would be easier for an individual to determine if perhaps a certain event or situation had led to a period of feeling blue or if depression were actually the problem. Being able to identify depression correctly is the first step in getting the appropriate help.
Keep in mind that while symptoms of depression are relatively the same, they can differ from one person to another. In addition, people with the same type of depression and the same symptoms might experience different levels of severity. However, the symptoms listed below would be helpful to determine if depression is in fact the problem.
Five Areas of Depression
Before we can point out how to treat depression, we have to mention that from a medical standpoint, a person with depression would experience challenges in five areas which include physical, cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and motivational.
° Physical – Common symptoms include constipation, ingestion, headaches, general pain, and dizziness. In addition, depression often affects the body by disrupting sleep and appetite.
° Cognitive – Often, symptoms of depression are seen more in the cognitive area than any other. These include having a negative outlook on life, feeling inferior or inadequate, and seldom taking credit for achievements. In this case, a person would have the sense that nothing in life will ever improve and usually, this individual expects the worse possible outcome in every situation. Because the feeling of hopelessness and helplessness is so intense, suicidal thoughts are common.
° Emotional – For this, there is a general feeling of sadness, humiliation, emptiness, and misery. Most often, nothing provides pleasure and this individual seldom laughs or finds humor in anything. Sometimes, feelings of anxiety and even anger surface.
° Behavioral – Symptoms in this case are seen as someone becoming isolated, being non-productive, sleeping for long periods, having low energy, and often being reluctant to participate in anything.
° Motivational – With this, symptoms of depression include having little drive or taking no initiative, finding it hard to carry on conversations even with close friends and family members, possessing a low sex drive, and in general, becoming numb. Just as with cognitive symptoms of depression, a person with motivational issues could also become suicidal.
How to Treat Depression
Moving on, we wanted to offer information about how to treat depression in an effective and safe manner. The following are some of the most respected depression and treatment methods, being used in today’s society based on the type of depression a person suffers from.
° Often, long-term counseling with a qualified psychotherapist would help pull dark secrets from the person, allowing those issues to be worked through. In many instances, the person struggling with depression of this type has experienced something horrible such as the death of a loved one, chaotic divorce, custody loss of a child, a major illness, or major trauma.
° Depending on the exact situation and person, medication may be recommended to get the individual through the toughest period of therapy.
° Behavioral therapy is also a highly effective method regarding how to treat depression when it relates to psychological issues. This involves identifying the problem and then teaching the person how to focus on positive things while being provided with appropriate reinforcement.
° Cognitive Therapy – Of all treatments for psychological depression, this is by far the most effective. The psychotherapist would look at the person’s maladaptive attitudes along with automatic thought processes and logical thinking patterns. With this, the individual’s thinking can be changed.
° When dealing with depression in this category for an individual, four specific interpersonal areas known to cause depression would be addressed by a psychotherapist. These include loss, role transition, role loss, and deficits.
° If dealing with depression that involves a couple, experts agree how to treat depression effectively means to treat both parties. Often, depression is the result of couples growing apart or even contemplating divorce. Therefore, communication would be heavily focused on, as well as respect of others and effective problem-solving skills.
° Often, a person dealing with biological depression would need to be treated with medication although for more severe cases, treatment could be aggressive in the form of ECT or Electroconvulsive Therapy. Usually, antidepressant medication works extremely well thanks to newer drugs that are more effective but also safer.
Depression is a serious illness that is constantly being researched; masters in public health degree program looks into the causes of depression and other mental health illnesses in an effort to ease suffering.
Hopefully this was a clear overview of the different methods on how to treat depression effectively.